One of the best treks in the world, the Everest Base Camp Trek takes you to the base of Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world at 8,848 meters. Trekking to Everest Base Camp will present unique experiences that are as lofty as the highest alpine altitudes that you can achieve. 

Trekking through stunning high-altitude scenery, mysterious Buddhist monasteries, and traditional Sherpa communities will give you a natural rush. The EBC Trek also pushes hikers to their absolute limits. It offers the greatest Himalayan wilderness experiences in Nepal along with a wealth of life teachings.

Everest Base Camp Trek may be difficult for the beginners. With the right amount of preparation and determination, it is possible for people who have never been to high altitude or gone trekking. Likewise, you need to be physically fit, mentally strong and motivated for this journey. 

Beginners must mainly focus on their physical strength and endurance. As you will be travelling at a high altitude as each day passes by, oxygen levels decrease. Walking under low oxygen levels might take a toll on your body. You will have to carry your backpack and there is a high chance of altitude sickness. 

Can Beginners trek to Everest Base Camp?

The Everest Base Camp Trek might be quite difficult for beginners. However, if you have prepared yourself physically and mentally before the trip, you can make it to the base camp. Although the pace and the number of days may vary from your fellow trekking companions, you will reach the base camp. 

You must walk for roughly six to seven hours every day to reach Everest Base Camp. Therefore, it is recommended that newcomers who haven’t hiked for a long time start exercising, such as jogging, a few weeks before their trek. 

Apart from physical fitness, you need a strong mentality during the Everest Base Camp trek. You need to have a strong will and determination to reach your final destination. You must have motivation and trust in yourself that you can make it up to the base camp. If you give up midway, you will not be able to accomplish your journey. 

Challenges faced by beginners during EBC Trek

  • Altitude Sickness
  • Physical Fitness
  • Rough and unknown terrain
  • Weather Conditions
  • Emotional Resilience
  • Packing Difficulties
  • Accommodation 
  • Personal Care and Hygiene
  • Social Challenges and Environmental Responsibility

Essential Tips for Beginners Trekking to Everest Base Camp

Pack Only what you need

You should avoid packing pointless items in your luggage. Take only what is necessary with you, storing the rest in Kathmandu. Make sure you bring the appropriate equipment and that it will be useful for the entire journey. You should always purchase new equipment that is durable rather than brand-new. 

Do not try to bring excess clothes and accessories. You will regret it later as you will not even get a chance to wear half of the clothes. You should keep in mind that you are going to carry everything you pack throughout your whole trip. Make a list if you are unsure of what to bring, investigate the necessary gear and pack appropriately.

Bring your used shoes

Worn-in shoes are preferable to brand-new ones for trekking because you’re more likely to get blisters in them. Blisters are the worst that you can have while trekking. They may not look painful but walking for 6-7 hours daily while having blisters is a nightmare. 

So make sure to wear shoes or trekking boots with a size greater than your normal shoes. That way you can prevent blisters and walk comfortably. 


If you are planning a lengthy, high-altitude trek like the Everest Base Camp Trek, acclimatization is crucial.  Inadequate acclimatization may result in severe altitude sickness. Make sure your plan includes a day for acclimatization that works well for you.

Acclimatization is the process of getting yourself adjusted to high altitude and low oxygen levels. You will go to a high altitude each day, so it’s critical to keep your body’s oxygen levels stable. You should not rush your journey and take a rest day.

This will help your body to adjust to the oxygen level and pressure level of that particular place and you can continue your journey easily. 

Stay Hydrated

You need to consume 4–5 litres of water a day while trekking. One of the most crucial pieces of advice during the trek is to stay hydrated. It is imperative to drink clean water. UV purifiers, filters, or pills can all be used to purify water. In a similar vein, for a modest cost, most teahouses provide boiled water.

The majority of the tea houses along the trail sell bottled water. This choice can be a little pricey, particularly in higher altitudes. You might encounter streams or tap water while hiking. Even though this water appears clean, you should treat it before drinking it since it may contain bacteria. Diarrhoea is a relatively prevalent problem, so make sure to drink clean water.

Good Health Practices

A good health condition is crucial during trekking. If you fall sick or your immunity weakens during the trip, it will sabotage your whole journey. So it is important to follow good health practices. 

The only thing you can do when travelling far from home in a remote area of the Himalayas without access to medical treatment is to take care of your health and stay away from injuries and illnesses during the walk.

  • Eat a balanced diet and stay away from spicy foods.
  • Avoid smoking as it causes difficulty in breathing at high altitudes.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol
  • Drink water and hot soups as they are the remedy for altitude sickness.

Flight Cancellation

Before embarking on your journey to EBC, you need to take a flight to Lukla. Lukla is considered one of the most dangerous flights in the world. The weather in the Himalayas is always changing and unpredictable. So there is a high chance of flight cancellation and flight delays.

So there might be changes in your plan and itinerary due to uncertain circumstances.

Travel Insurance

It is essential for novices heading towards Everest Base Camp to have travel insurance. If rescue coverage is provided by your insurance policy, it is accessible. If you get sick or need to be transported immediately to the hospital for medical assistance, the base camp path is not easily accessible by road due to the area’s remoteness and rugged terrain.

Helicopter evacuation is the only option, and they are quite costly and confusing. Given the high cost of helicopter travel, they must be assured that someone is paying for the aircraft. Until someone assures the payments, the helicopters won’t be flying. So travel insurance will come to an advantage during these conditions. 

Preparing for the Trek to Everest Base Camp

It is highly appreciated if you can get in some aerobic exercise, such as cycling, jogging, and running, a few months before the trip. Swimming can be another option if you want to prepare physically for this journey. Using a treadmill, going for a stroll, or using the stairs rather than an elevator during the workweek can increase your fitness. 

These activities will help you on your journey to the base camp. If you are confident about your physical fitness, do not try to rush your journey to the Everest Base Camp. Don’t overexert yourself throughout the trek. Before climbing up to a new location, take your time and allow your body to recuperate and gain strength by getting enough rest each day.

Cost of EBC Trek

The cost of the Everest Base Camp Trek can range from $1000 to $5,000, depending on the length of the trek and your service needs. A typical 12 to 15-day trip costs between $1200 and $1500 per person for the regular EBC trip package. 

Permits, one-way flights from Kathmandu to Lukla, lodging, and meals are typically included in the cost. However, travel insurance, trekking, and visa costs are not included in the booking price.

Many factors influence the cost of your trek. 

Visa and Permit$600-$1200
International Flight and Travel$500-$1000
Tools and Equipment$300-$600
Tour Guide and Operators$1400-$1600
Other Costs$100



How challenging is the trek? 

For those willing to put in the necessary preparation time before departure, the Everest Base Camp (EBC) trek is highly doable. There are no technical aspects in the journey.  The secret is to take your time and not rush.

This trek is on the moderate end of the trekking spectrum. Despite its steep ascents and rolling plains, the route is usually doable even for inexperienced hikers of any age. 

How many hours do you need to walk in a day?

Duration might range from 4-5 hours long to 2-3 hours long. You will not be walking for more than 8 hours a day. 

Is travel insurance necessary?

Buying travel insurance is strongly advised, and be sure that it includes emergency evacuation at high altitudes. No matter how fit you are, anyone can get altitude sickness; the only thing you can do is take your time and walk gently. It is advised that you descend if you experience and show symptoms of AMS.

Does Everest trekking require a guide?

Having a guide is highly advised for the Everest Base Camp Trek whale it is not compulsory to have a guide. The Everest journey is difficult because of its height; as you go deeper into the Himalayas, avalanches and significant snowfall are possible. Because of this, solitary trekkers may encounter difficulties due to inaccurate trail calculations.

Guides assist you with the direction. They will help you connect with the local culture and traditions and help you communicate with the natives. They can give you a proper insight of the location. 

How can I avoid getting altitude sickness on the EBC trek?

  • Acclimatization
  • Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol
  • Regular hydration
  • Adequate rest
  • Correct nutrition

What are the symptoms of Altitude Sickness?

  • Shortness of breath
  • Cough
  • Palpitation
  • Swelling of the hands and face
  • Headache
  • Tiredness
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Loss of appetite/nausea

Are permits required for the EBC trek?

To visit the Everest region, trekkers require three separate permits.

  • Sagarmatha National Conservation Permit
  • Pasang Lamhu Rural Municipality Permit
  • Trekkers’ Information Management System (TIMS) Permit.

Final Say

EBC trek will take you to a beautiful traditional Sherpa village like Namche Bazaar, Tengboche, Pangboche, Dingboche, Labuche, and Gorakshep. This trip will provide you with a magnificent view of Mount Everest along with different mountain ranges.

However, not everyone can accomplish their journey to the base camp. It requires a good amount of physical fitness and a strong mentality to reach the Everest Base Camp. Beginners should focus on increasing their strength and endurance before embarking on this journey.

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